Abbreviation

adj. adjective prep. preposition
adv. adverb pers. pron. personal pronoun
inter. interjection v. verb
n. noun v.i verb intransitive
pron. pronoun v.t verb transitive
conj. conjunction e.g. exampli gratia (for example)



Phonetic symbols

Vowels

Consonent

Short Vowels
Long Vowels
Voiced
Vvoiceless
Other Consonent
ʌ - cup i: - see b - bad p - pet r - red
æ - black ɑ: - father d - did t - tea j - yes
ə - above u: - food ɡ - give k - cat w - wet
ʊ - put ɔ: - call ð - this f - find m - man
ɒ - hot ɜ: - bird[Uk] z - zoo θ - think n - no
e - bed ɝ: - bird[Us] ʒ - pleasure s - sun ŋ - sing
ɪ - sit     dʒ - large ʃ - she h - hand
ɚ - mother (us)         tʃ - check l - leg
ɝ - worm (us)                

Diphthongs

Other Symbols

eɪ - day oʊ - role ɒ̃ - croissant (UK) əl, əm, ən -  pronounced either:  əl or
aɪ - nice ɪə - here i - happy r - pronounced only before a vowel in British English
ɔɪ - boy eə - care - butter (US) ˈ - Main stress
aʊ - now ʊə - poor u - influenza ˌ - Secondary stress
əʊ - go     - little . - syllable division

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